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About This Journal

GENERAL POLICIES

Aim of the Journal

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research is an international peer-reviewed journal. It is dedicated to promote and publish original articles in business management and economic. It aims to publish qualified scientific studies, which present the new perspectives, approach and solutions to the business management, economics situations and applications and also problems. Also, to provite data for the decision makers, who works business management and economics fields, is aimed.

Focus and Scope

In accordance with its aims, Journal of Business Management and Economic Research focuses on studies that;

  • Business Cycle,
  • Business Theory,
  • Global Business
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Accounting Review
  • Capital Structure
  • Finance and Investment
  • Economics Studies,
  • Economic Growth and Development
  • Economics of Organizations and Industries–

Publication Frequency

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, is an internationally peer-reviewed journal, is published twelve times as monthly in a year.

Publication Language

All the serial and special issues have been published in English.  The manuscripts submitted to the journal should have a plain and clear language quality and should be consistent with the scientific literature and language rules. Manuscripts should be written in a fluent language, which is free of foreign words. During the review process for the manuscript submitted to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, the editorial board and/or scientific board may require language editing.

Journal Sections

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research publishes only Original Research Articles.

Open Access Policy

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research adopts open access policy. Open access to information benefits the humanity as it improves the global value of information. Education and Science also supports the Budapest Open Access Initiative that was signed on September 12, 2012. Thus, the open access policies adopted by the editorial board of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research can be found at http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations.

All articles published in Journal of Business Management and Economic Research are licensed with “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License“. This license entitles all parties to copy, share and redistribute all the articles, data sets, figures and supplementary files published in this journal in data mining, search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms under the condition of providing references. Open access is an apporach that eases the interdisciplinary communication and encourages cooperation among different disciplines. Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, therefore, contributes to its own field by providing more access to its articles and a more transparent review process.

Privacy Statement

Personal information like names and e-mail addresses submitted to the Journal of Business Management and Economic Research journal management system will be used exclusively for this journal. Such information will not be used for other purposes and will not be shared with third parties.

Archiving

All the high level data and full texts of the articles published in Journal of Business Management and Economic Research are stored in pdf formats in a third party cloud server that is closed to access.

Sponsorship and Advertising

As part of its publication policies, Journal of Business Management and Economic Research does not accept sponsorship or advertisements. However, the journal can make announcements on its web page about non-profit scientific and educational events.

Web Sites in Parenthetical Citations: To cite an entire Web site (but not a specific document within the site), it is sufficient to give the URL of the site in the text. No entry in the reference list is needed.

REFERENCE CITATIONS IN TEXT– APA utilizes a system of brief referencing in the text of a paper, whether one is paraphrasing or providing a direct quotation from another author’s work. Citations in the text usually consist of the name of the author(s) and the year of publication. The page number is added when utilizing a direct quotation.

Indirect Quotation with Parenthetical Citation

Libraries historically highly value intellectual freedom and patron confidentiality (LaRue, 2007).

Indirect Quotation with Author as Part of the Narrative

LaRue (2007) identified intellectual freedom and patron confidentiality as two key values held historically by libraries.

Direct Quotation with Parenthetical Citation

Darwin used the metaphor of the tree of life “to express the other form of interconnectedness–genealogical rather than ecological” (Gould & Brown, 1991, p. 14).

Direct Quotation with Author as Part of the Narrative

Gould and Brown (1991) explained that Darwin used the metaphor of the tree of life “to express the other form of interconnectedness– genealogical rather than ecological”(p. 14).

CITING SECONDARY SOURCES — When citing in the text a work discussed in a secondary source, give both the primary and the secondary sources. In the example below, the study by Seidenberg and McClelland was mentioned in an article by Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller.

Seidenberg and McClelland’s study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993) provided a glimpse into the world

In the references page, you would cite the secondary source you read not the original study.

Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller, M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributedprocessing approaches. Psychological Review, 100, 589-608.

Copyright Notice

The manuscripts submitted to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research for publication should be original studies that were not published before or not submitted to anywhere else for publication.

Authors who submit their studies to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research should acknowledge that they have to transfer the copyright of their studies to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research. The editorial board of the journal is authorized to publish the study. Nonetheless, the following rights are reserved:

  • Patent rights,
  • All unregistered rights apart from copyright,
  • Duplication rights on condition that the study is not sold,
  • The right to use the whole or parts of the study in the author’s own books or other academic studies on condition that reference is given,
  • The right to publish the study on personal websites or open archive of their university on condition that the copyright details are provided.

Those authors who will submit their studies to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research have to fill in the “Copyright Transfer Form“. Wet signature is required. The signed form should be scanned Meanwhile, the wet-signed form must be posted to the following address: “ Kizilirmak Caddesi No: 8 06640 Bakanliklar, Ankara, Turkey“. The studies whose copyright transfer form is not received by the journal will not be published.

All the articles published in Journal of Business Management and Economic Research e are licensed with “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License“. This license entitles all parties to copy, share and redistribute all the articles, data sets, figures and supplementary files published in this journal in data mining, search engines, web sites, blogs and other digital platforms under the condition of providing references. Open access is an apporach that eases the interdisciplinary communication and encourages cooperation among different disciplines. Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, therefore, contributes to its own field by providing more access to its articles and a more transparent review process.

Peer Review Process

Blind review is a method used to make sure scientific publications are produced with the highest quality. This method is fundamental to the objective review of scientific studies and is preferred by many scientific journals. Reviewer views are determinant in the publication quality of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research All manuscripts submitted to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research are blind reviewed according to the steps below:

Blind Review Method

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research uses the double blind review method in the review process of all studies. In this method the identities of the authors and reviewers are confidential.

Initial Review Process

The studies submitted to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research are reviewed by the editors first. At this stage, the studies which are not related with the journal’s aim and scope, weak in terms of language and wording, lack originality, contain critical scientific mistakes and do not meet the publishing criteria are rejected. The authors of such studies are informed in a month following the submission date. The studies deemed acceptable, on the other hand, are submitted to a field editor related with the subject of study that the work focuses on.

Pre-review Process

In the pre-review process, the field editors evaluate the introduction and literature, method, findings, results, discussion parts of the studies in detail with respect to the publishing policies and scope of the journal as well as originality. As a result of this process, those studies that are found unacceptable are returned within four weeks the latest together with the field editor report. And the studies which are deemed appropriate are assigned to reviewers.

Assigning Reviewers

Reviewers are assigned according to the content of the studies and their subject of expertise. The field editor who reviews the study recommends two reviewers, based on their subject of expertise, from the reviewer pool of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research or a new reviewer related with the subject of study addressed in the article. The recommendations are then evaluated by the editors and the studies are passed on to the reviewers who are obligated to guarantee that they will not share any document or detail about the study they review.

Reviewer Reports

In general, the reviewer reports are based on the originality of the studies, methods, ethical considerations, consistent presentation of the findings and results and analysis of the studies with respect to literature. This evaluation is done according to the following:

  1. Introduction and literature: the reviewer report includes views about the presentation and aims of the problem addressed in the study, the importance of the topic, the scope of the related literature, the originality and topicality of the study.
  2. Method: the reviewer report includes views about the appropriateness of the research method, sample choice and properties, validity and reliability issues, as well as data collection and data analysis.
  3. Findings: the reviewer report includes views about the presentation of the findings obtained through the method, the accuracy of the analysis methods, the consistency of the aims and findings of the study, the presentation of tables, diagrams and visuals that are needed, and the conceptual evaluation of the scales.
  4. Evaluation and Discussion: the reviewer report includes views about discussions based on findings, suitability with the research question(s) and hypothesis(ses), generalizability and applicability.
  5. Results and Suggestions: the reviewer report includes views about contribution to literature, recommendations for future studies and suggestions about applications in the field.
  6. Style and Wording: the reviewer report includes views about whether the title comprises the content of the study, whether the Turkish language is used accurately and whether APA6 rules are observed in giving references and in-text references in parallel with the language of the full text.
  7. Overall Evaluation: the reviewer report includes views about the originality of the study as a whole and the contribution it makes to the education literature and applications.

In the review process, reviewers are not expected to redact the study according to its galley features.

Reviewing Process

Reviewers are given 4 weeks for review. It is compulsory for the authors to complete the editing of their work within 1 month according to the rules stated in “editing manual”. Reviewers may ask multiple editing of a study if they deem necessary.

Review Result

The field editor evaluates the review by reviewers within 3 weeks at the latest and as a result of this evaluation the field editor informs the editors about his/her final decision regarding the study.

Editorial Board Decision

Based on the review done by the field editor and reviewers, editors report the views of the editorial board to the author(s) in a week at the latest along with the suggestions made by the field editor and reviewers. In this process the studies that are not accepted for publication are returned without request for plagiarism detection. The final decision about the accepted studies is made based on the results of the plagiarism detection report.

How long does the Publication Review Process last?

It is anticipated that the publication review process of the studies submitted to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research be completed in 3 months. However, the period during which editors or reviewers ask the author(s) to do editing and the author(s) complete the editing is not included in this time frame.

New Submission Guide

Those authors who will submit their manuscripts Journal of Business Management and Economic Research for review can do by email. editor@jobmer.org

Guidance for Revision

At Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, editors, field editors and/or reviewers may ask for multiple editing or revision of a study.

The author(s) is responsible for doing timely, complete and explanatory editing and revision to the study with an understanding that all the recommendations made by the journal are objective and intended to improve the quality of work.

Article Withdrawal

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research values holistic and exhaustive publishing for researchers and libraries and acknowledges that this can be realized by publishing reliable and original research articles. In the case that a study or article will be withdrawn, the author(s) and the editorial board will share some responsibilies as required by the publishing policies of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research. These responsibilities are listed below:

Authors

If the author(s) finds a mistake in their study which is unpublished or in early release or review process, they are obliged to cooperate with the editor of the journal during the withdrawal process.

The author(s) who wants to withdraw their study which is in review process is obliged to fill in the “Article Withdrawal Form”, scan it with signature(s) on it and send the form via e-mail to the editorial board at www.jobmer.org The editorial board will return to the author(s) within a week, evaluating the request for withdrawal.

The studies the copyright of which is transferred to Journal of Business Management and Economic Research during the submission process cannot be submitted to other journals for review unless they are approved for withdrawal.

Editors

The editorial board of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research holds the responsibility of starting an investigation about a study if a suspicion arises that the study includes plagiarism and/or it has copyright issues.

If the editorial board detects breach of copyright or plagiarism for the manuscripts in review process, they retract the study from review and cancel its review process by sending a detailed document to the author(s) showing what was detected and where in the study.

If the editorial board detects breach of copyright or plagiarism for the articles published in an issue or in early release, the retraction and reporting procedures are applied according to statements indicated below in 1 week at the latest:

  1. The study which is detected to have plagiarism is labelled as “Retraction:” in the electronic environment.
  2. Instead of the Abstract and Full Text, the reasons why the study has been retracted, detailed evidence and the statements (if any) of the affiliated institution about the issue are published electronically.
  3. The study is announced as “Retraction” on the main page of the journal’s web page.
  4. The study is included in the contents of the first issue of the journal to be published after the date of retraction as “Retraction: Article Title“, and from its first page onwards the reasons why it has been retracted and the original citations are shared with the public and researchers.
  5. The institutions that the author(s) is affiliated with are informed about the retraction.
  6. The retraction reports indicated above are sent to the institutions where the journal is indexed and to the National Library of Turkey so that they are recorded in index directories and catalogues.

Furthermore, if there are any publishers or editorial boards through whom the author(s) had their studies published before, the editorial board of Journal of Business Management and Economic Research can make suggestions to these parties that the published studies of the author(s) who has plagiarised should be reviewed for validity and reliability or be retracted.

Appeals

The author(s) retains the right to appeal against the reports produced by the editorial and scientific boards upon the completion of the review process at Journal of Business Management and Economic Research. The author(s) should send their reasons for appeal in a scientific manner and by showing references to editor@jobmer.org The appeal will be examined by the editorial board within one month the latest (the field editor and reviewers of the manuscript may be asked to share their opinions about the appeal) and the author(s) will be informed of any positive or negative result. If the result is positive, the editorial board assigns new reviewers that have expertise in the subject of the manuscript and re-starts the review process.

AFTER ACCEPTANCE

At Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, the accepted manuscripts undergo the processes of plagiarism detection, preparation of bibliography, cross-reference and reference check, layout and galley, assigning a DOI number and being put into early release. The manuscripts in early release are published in the volume and issue determined by the editorial board.

Plagiarism Detection

In accordance with its publishing policies, Journal of Business Management and Economic Research oblige each study that has undergone the “Blind Review Process” to be detected for plagiarism to protect the integrity of the study. Therefore the study are detected for plagiarism by a company chosen by the editorial board. Incurring fees are paid by the author(s).

The plagiarism detection is done by Turnitin and iThenticate softwares. The matches found in each study after plagiarism detection are analysed in detail and those matches with correct reference and cross-reference are sorted. In the next step, the mistakes in the remaining matches are determined and reported to the editorial board. The board, then, makes a final decision in the light of the plagiarism detection report. The author(s) may be asked to correct the mistakes listed in the report or the study may be returned to the author(s).

References and Citation Control

Scientific research builds upon previous studies. In new studies, references and attributions to the previous studies are provided within the framework of certain rules. Intentional or unintentional mistakes in scientific studies harm the reliability of the study and publication.

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research, in accordance with its publication ethics, considers it to be an obligation for the accepted studies to have correct and complete references and attributions. Therefore, each study, after acceptance, is checked in terms of bibliography, referencing and attribution by a company chosen by the editorial board. Incurring costs lie with the author(s).

texts of the accepted studies are processed for bibliography, referencing and attribution check in the following steps:

  • Bibliography is prepared according to the APA Referencing Style Guide 6th Edition.
  • The in-text references of the references given in the bibliography should be in line with rules and regulations, and mistakes are corrected.
  • Attributions of the in-text references are checked. The author(s) is asked to provide the missing ones, and the incorrect ones are corrected.

Layout and Galley

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research requires that the articles be printed in a common type of and complete page layout for formal integrity, readability and standards. Therefore, the studies whose plagiarism detection and bibliography preparation is finished, are sent to a company chosen by the editorial board for layout and galley. Incurring costs for page layout and preparation of the copy for print lie with the author(s).

Assigning a DOI Number

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique access number that enables the identification and accessibility of each article published electronically. It is mandatory that each article published in Education and Science or in early release is assigned a DOI number.

After acceptance, the manuscripts which are checked for plagiarism and bibliography and ready for publication are given a DOI number by the Editorial Board.

Early Release

Journal of Business Management and Economic Research values the dissemination of up-to-date and original information. Therefore, those manuscripts that are accepted after the review process and whose process for publication is over are published electronically as early release. Later, these manuscripts are given page numbers and published in the volume and issue found suitable by the editorial board. The manuscripts in the early release may not be the final version to be seen in the normal issue. Minor editing may be done on the final version to be published.